Sean Penn Biography:
Long the bad boy of Hollywood, Sean Penn is also among the most fiercely
talented actors of his generation. He was born August 17, 1960, in Burbank,
CA, the second son of actress Eileen Ryan and director Leo Penn. He grew
up in Santa Monica, in a neighborhood populated by future celebrities Charlie
Sheen and Emilio Estevez, the sons of actor Martin Sheen. Penn's older brother,
Michael, is a singer/songwriter turned director, while younger sibling Chris
is a noted character actor. The children spent much of their free time together,
making a number of amateur films shot with Super-8 cameras. Still, Penn's
original intention was to attend law school, although he ultimately skipped
college to join the Los Angeles Repertory Theater. After making his professional
debut on an episode of television's Barnaby Jones, he relocated to New York,
where he soon appeared in the play Heartland. A TV-movie, The Killing of
Randy Webster, followed in 1981 before he made his feature debut later that
same year in Taps.
While Madonna actively courted press attention, the private Penn made his loathing for the media quite clear; his run-ins with the paparazzi quickly became the stuff of legend, and the notoriety of his temper began to eclipse even his immense acting ability. His penchant for fisticuffs, combined with other civil infractions, ultimately resulted in a 30-day jail sentence; more seriously, his marriage to Madonna began to buckle under the weight of media scrutiny, and, as the couple's star collaboration in the 1987 movie Shanghai Surprise met with box-office disaster, their private relationship was also over. Soured by the Hollywood experience, Penn did not resurface prior to 1988's Colors, which proved to be his biggest hit in some time. He next appeared in Brian DePalma's Vietnam tale Casualties of War, followed by a turn opposite his idol, Robert De Niro, in the 1989 comedy We're No Angels.
After starring in the gangster melodrama State of Grace, Penn wrote and directed 1991's The Indian Runner, a film inspired by a Bruce Springsteen song and shaped in the image of the films of John Cassavetes. After an almost unrecognizable turn as a troubled attorney in the 1993 DePalma thriller Carlito's Way, Penn announced his intention to retire from acting in order to focus his full attentions on directing; however, after helming 1995's The Crossing Guard with Jack Nicholson and Anjelica Huston, he was back onscreen, winning an Academy Award nomination for his gut-wrenching portrayal of a death-row inmate in Tim Robbins' Dead Man Walking. By 1997, Penn's wishes for retirement were but a memory as he enjoyed his busiest year yet: In addition to starring opposite second wife Robin Wright in Nick Cassavetes' She's So Lovely -- roles which won both spouses acting honors at the Cannes Film Festival -- he also appeared in the David Fincher thriller The Game and in Oliver Stone's U-Turn. He found further acclaim the following year for his roles in the adaptation of David Rabe's Hurlyburly and Terrence Malick's The Thin Red Line. In 1999, he had a cameo appearance in Spike Jonze's Being John Malkovich and earned his second Oscar nomination as a callous 1930s jazz guitarist in Woody Allen's Sweet and Lowdown, while 2000's adaptation of Anita Shreve's novel The Weight of Water starred Penn as a poet embroiled in a small town murder mystery. In 2001, Penn would play a fame-craving impressionist in The Beaver Trilogy, serve as narrator in director Stacy Peralta's skateboarding documentary Dogtown and Z-Boys, and direct the psychological drama The Pledge, which marked Penn's second collaboration with Jack Nicholson. In 2002, Penn would once again win critical praise with his Oscar-nominated portrayal of a developmentally disabled man struggling to retain custody of his daughter in I Am Sam.
After the 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, the left-leaning actor's outspoken political views garnered a great deal of attention from right-wing pundits, including the much aggrieved Bill O'Reilly, who found himself on the receiving end of Penn's animosity in a controversial interview with Talk magazine. Though O'Reilly demanded his viewers boycott any of Penn's future films, it appears his career has remained relatively unscathed. In 2002, Penn directed a segment for the French-produced 9'11"01, which was met with mixed reviews, while his participation in Burkowski: Born Into This (2002) helped the film win a nomination for the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival in 2003.
2003 was, in fact, an eventful year for Penn; he participated in two
small, but nonetheless critically acclaimed, films--Michael Almereyda's
documentary This So Called Disaster and Alejandro González Iñárritu's
low-key urban drama 21 Grams--while managing to claim yet another Hollywood
success in actor-director Clint Eastwood's highly lauded Mystic River.
In 2004, it was this third film that garnered Penn his fourth Academy
Award nomination and, ultimately, his first win. The Oscar, coupled with
a standing ovation by the audience, showed once and for all that Penn's
unorthodox approach to his acting career hasn't had an adverse effect
on his popularity.
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